Materials and design for high performance solid oxide fuel cell
Energy Whenever it is Needed
Emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) from industry, transportation and agriculture has played a major role in the recently observed global warming. In order to reduce the impact on environment, zero or near-zero emission energy systems, converting fuel efficiently into useful energy are increasingly investigated. Unprecedented rise in the fossil fuel prices has led to a growing economic concern towards the need of such energy systems. Additionally, geopolitical priority of reducing the dependence on foreign energy resources emphasizes the development of systems that may work with a variety of fuels and eventually with renewable energy resources such as hydrogen or bio-fuels.
Excellent Value for Energy Conversion
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are one of the most attractive energy conversion devices, owing to the potential of operating at high efficiency of about 60% in standalone condition and over 80% (net) if waste heat is used for cogeneration. SOFCs do not require noble metals for catalysis in electrodes and may use a variety of fuels including hydrocarbons, CO and bio-fuels, besides hydrogen. These low-noise convertors thus offer very high potential in stationary application and combined heat and power units (CHP) for decentralized energy. Despite all the promising advantages and the unparalleled progress in its power output, SOFC faces critical challenges in term of its poor reliability, low durability and higher cost. Unless addressed meticulously, these obstacles will impede large-scale commercialization of fuel cells. Reliability and durability are adversely affected by a number of factors of which the following two can be considered as the route cause: 1) high operating temperatures (800-1000°C) of SOFCs and 2) the need to use materials that provide multiple functionalities. This includes structural support, electrochemical activity, and electrical or ionic conduction, as well as at the same time compatibility with neighboring components during the manufacturing process and fuel cell operation.. At this point the project EVOLVE is setting in.
EVOLVE aims at the development, up scaling and demonstration of new SOFC architecture ... READ MORE
Across the borders, the partners were selected according to their competences on the ... READ MORE
Here you can find scientific publications and patents of all partners connected to EVOLVE.. READ MORE